FUNDAMENTALS OF COMPUTERS Question Bank With Answer Key

1.   The term ‘Computer’ is derived from……….

a.   Latin b. German c. French d. Arabic

2.   Who is the inventor of “Difference Engine”?

a.   Allen Turing b. Charles Babbage c. Simur Cray d. Augusta Adaming

3.   Who is the father of Computer?

a.   Allen Turing b. Charles Babbage c. Simur Cray d. Augusta Adaming

4.   Who is the father of Computer science?

a.   Allen Turing b. Charles Babbage c. Simur Cray d. Augusta Adaming

5.   Who is the father of personal computer?

a.   Edward Robert b. Allen Turing c. Charles Babbage d. None of these

6.   A CPU contains

a. a card reader and a printing device b. an analytical engine and a control unit

c. a control unit and an arithmetic logic unit d. an arithmetic logic unit and a card reader

7. Which of the following controls the process of interaction between the user and the operating system?

a. User interface b. Language translator

c. Platform d. Screen saver

8. The first computers were programmed using

a. assembly language b. machine language

c. source code d. object code

9. ……….is a combination of hardware and software that facilitates the sharing of information between computing devices.

a. network b. peripheral c. expansion board d. digital device

10. Coded entries which are used to gain access to a computer system are called

a. Entry codes b. Passwords c. Security commands d. Code words

11. Which of the following statements is true ?

a. Minicomputer works faster than Microcomputer

b. Microcomputer works faster than Minicomputer

c. Speed of both the computers is the same

d. The speeds of both these computers cannot be compared with the speed of advanced

12. You organize files by storing them in

a. archives b. folders c. indexes d. lists

FUNDAMENTALS OF COMPUTERS Question

13. What type of resource is most likely to be a shared common resource in a Computer Network? a. Printers b. Speakers c. Floppy disk drives d. Keyboards

14. Which device is required for the Internet connection?

a. Joystick b. Modem c. CD Drive d. NIC Card

  1. What is a light pen?
    a. A Mechanical Input device b. Optical input device
    c. Electronic input device d. Optical output device
  2. UNIVAC is
    a. Universal Automatic Computer b. Universal Array Computer
    c. Unique Automatic Computer d. Unvalued Automatic Computer
  3. CD-ROM stands for
    a. Compactable Read Only Memory b. Compact Data Read Only Memory
    c. Compactable Disk Read Only Memory d. Compact Disk Read Only Memory
  4. ALU is
    a. Arithmetic Logic Unit b. Array Logic Unit
    c. Application Logic Unit d. None of the above
  5. VGA is
    a. Video Graphics Array b. Visual Graphics Array
    c. Volatile Graphics Array d. Video Graphics Adapter
  6. IBM 1401 is
    a. First Generation Computer b. Second Generation Computer
    c. Third Generation Computer d . Fourth Generation Computer

FUNDAMENTALS OF COMPUTERS Question

21. MSI stands for

a. Medium Scale Integrated Circuits b. Medium System Integrated Circuits

c. Medium Scale Intelligent Circuit d. Medium System Intelligent Circuit

22. The capacity of 3.5 inch floppy disk is

a. 1.40 MB b. 1.44 GB c. 1.40 GB d. 1.44 MB

23. WAN stands for

a. Wap Area Network b. Wide Area Network

c. Wide Array Net d. Wireless Area Network

24. MICR stands for

a. Magnetic Ink Character Reader b. Magnetic Ink Code Reader

c. Magnetic Ink Cases Reader d. None

25. EBCDIC stands for

a. Extended Binary Coded Decimal Interchange Code

b. Extended Bit Code Decimal Interchange Code

c. Extended Bit Case Decimal Interchange Code

d. Extended Binary Case Decimal Interchange Code

26. Which of the following is a part of the Central Processing Unit?

a. Printer b. Key board

c. Mouse d. Arithmetic & Logic unit

27. CAD stands for

a. Computer aided design b. Computer algorithm for design

c. Computer application in design d. Computer analogue design

28. Junk e-mail is also called

a. spam b. spoof

c. sniffer script d. spool

29. Hackers

a. all have the same motive

b. break into other people’s computers

c. may legally break into computers as long as they do not do any damage

d. are people who are allergic to computers

30. What type of computers are client computers (most of the time) in a client-server system?

a. Mainframe b. Mini-computer

c. Microcomputer d. PDA

31. A computer cannot ‘boot’ if it does not have the

32. The amount of vertical space between lines of text in a document is called

a. double-space b. line spacing c. single space d. vertical spacing

33. Example of non-numeric data is

a. Employee address b. Examination score c. Bank balance d. All of these

34. What is embedded system?

a. The programme which arrives by being wrapped in box.

b. The programme which is the permanent part of the computer

c. The computer which is the part of a big computer

d. The computer and software system that control the machine

35. First page of Website is termed as-

a. Homepage b. Index c. JAVA script d. Bookmark

36. . ………………… Is the appearance of typed characters?

a. Size b. Format c. Point d. Colour

37. When a file is saved for the first time

a. a copy is automatically printed

b. it must be given a name to identify it

c. it does not need a name

d. it only needs a name if it is not going to be printed

38. Office LANS, which are scattered geographically on large scale, can be connected by the use of corporate

a. CAN b. LAN c. DAN d. WAN

39. Where are data and programme stored when the processor uses them?

a. Main memory b. Secondary memory

c. Disk memory d. Programme memory

40. . …………… represents raw facts, where-as…………….. is data made meaningful.

a. Information, reporting b. Data, information

c. Information, bits d. Records, bytes

41. What characteristic of read-only memory (ROM) makes it useful?

a. ROM information can be easily updated.

b. Data in ROM is non-volatile, that is, it remains there even without electrical power.

c. ROM provides very large amounts of inexpensive data storage.

d. ROM chips are easily swapped between different brands of computers.

42. What do you call the programs that are used to find out possible faults and their causes?

a. operating system extensions b. cookies

c. diagnostic software d. boot diskettes

43. Which programming languages are classified as low level languages?

a. BASIC, COBOL, Fortran b. Prolog

c. C, C++ d. Assembly languages

44. Which of the following is not anti-viruses’ software?

a. NAV b. F-Prot

c. Oracle d. McAfee

45. Which device is required for the Internet connection?

a. Joystick b. Modem

c. CD Drive d. NIC Card

46. What does DMA stand for?

a. A. Distinct Memory Access b. Direct Memory Access

c. Direct Module Access d. Direct Memory Allocation

47. Which of the following is a storage device?

a. Tape b. Hard Disk

c. Floppy Disk d. All of the above

48. When did John Napier develop logarithm?

a. 1416 b. 1614

c. 1641 d. 1804

  1. A normal CD- ROM usually can store up to _ _data?
    a. 680 KB b. 680 Bytes
    c. 680 MB d. 680 GB
  1. MIS is designed to provide information needed for effective decision making by?
    a. Consumers b. Workers
    c. Foremen d. Managers
  2. What is a light pen?
    a. Mechanical Input device b. Optical input device
    c. Electronic input device d. Optical output device
  3. BCD is
    a. Binary Coded Decimal b. Bit Coded Decimal
    c. Binary Coded Digit d. Bit Coded Digit
  4. ASCII stands for
    a. American Stable Code for International Interchange
    b. American Standard Case for Institutional Interchange
    c. American Standard Code for Information Interchange
    d. American Standard Code for Interchange Information
  1. Which of the following is first generation of computer?
    a. EDSAC b. IBM-1401 c. CDC-1604 d. ICL-2900
  2. Chief component of first generation computer was
    a. Transistors b. Vacuum Tubes and Valves
    c. Integrated Circuits d. None of above
  3. FORTRAN is
    a. File Translation b. Format Translation
    c. Formula Translation d. Floppy Translation
  4. EEPROM stands for
    a. Electrically Erasable Programmable Read Only Memory
    b. Easily Erasable Programmable Read Only Memory
    c. Electronic Erasable Programmable Read Only Memory
    d. None of the above
  5. Second Generation computers were developed during
    a. 1949 to 1955 b. 1956 to 1965
    c. 1965 to 1970 d. 1970 to 1990
  6. The computer size was very large in
    a. First Generation b. Second Generation
    c. Third Generation d. Fourth Generation
  7. Microprocessors as switching devices are for which generation computers
    a. First Generation b. Second Generation
    c. Third Generation d. Fourth Generation
  8. Which of the following devices can be sued to directly image printed text?
    a. OCR b. OMR
    c. MICR d. All of above
  9. The output quality of a printer is measured by
    a. Dot per inch b. Dot per sq. inch
    c. Dots printed per unit time d. All of above
  10. In analogue computer
    a. Input is first converted to digital form b. Input is never converted to digital form
    c. Output is displayed in digital form d. All of above
  11. In latest generation computers, the instructions are executed
    a. Parallel only b. Sequentially only
    c. Both sequentially and parallel d. All of above
  12. Who designed the first electronics computer – ENIAC?
    a. Van-Neumann b. Joseph M. Jacquard

c. J. Presper Eckert and John W Mauchly d. All of above

  1. Who invented the high level language “C”?
    a. Dennis M. Ritchie b. Niklaus Writh
    c. Seymour Papert d. Donald Kunth
  2. Personnel who design, program, operate and maintain computer equipment refers to
    a. Console-operator b. Programmer
    c. Peopleware d. System Analyst
  3. When did arch rivals IBM and Apple Computers Inc. decide to join hands?
    a. 1978 b. 1984
    c. 1990 d. 1991
  4. Human beings are referred to as Homosapinens, which device is called Sillico Sapiens?
    a. Monitor b. Hardware
    c. Robot d. Computer
  5. An error in software or hardware is called a bug. What is the alternative computer jargon for it?
    a. Leech b. Squid
    c. Slug d. Glitch
  6. Modern Computer are very reliable but they are not
    a. Fast b. Powerful
    c. Infallible d. Cheap
  7. What is the name of the display feature that highlights are of the screen which requires
    operator attention?
    a. Pixel b. Reverse video
    c. Touch screen d. Cursor
  8. Personal computers use a number of chips mounted on a main circuit board. What is the
    common name for such boards?
    a. Daughter board b. Motherboard
    c. Father board d.Breadboard
  9. In most IBM PCs, the CPU, the device drives, memory expansion slots and active components
    are mounted on a single board. What is the name of this board?
    a. Motherboard b. Breadboard
    c. Daughter board d. Grandmother board
  10. What is meant by a dedicated computer?
    a. Which is used by one person only b. Which is assigned one and only one task
    c. Which uses one kind of software d. Which is meant for application software
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  11. The system unit of a personal computer typically contains all of the following except:
    a. Microprocessor b. Disk controller c. Serial interface d. Modem
  12. A computer program that converts an entire program into machine language is called a/an
    a. Interpreter b. Simulator c. Compiler d. Commander
  13. A computer program that translates one program instructions at a time into machine language
    is called a/an
    a. Interpreter b. CPU c. Compiler d. Simulator
  14. A small or intelligent device is so called because it contains within it a
    a. Computer b. Microcomputer c. Programmable d. Sensor
  15. A fault in a computer program which prevents it from working correctly is known as
    a. Boot b. Bug c. Biff d. Strap
  16. A self replicating program, similar to a virus which was taken from a 1970s science fiction
    novel by John Bruner entitled the Shockwave Rider is
    a. Bug b. Vice c. Lice d. Worm
  17. A state. is a bi-stable electronic circuit that has
    a. Multivibrator b. Flip-flop c. Logic gates d. laten
  18. Unwanted repetitious messages, such as unsolicited bulk e-mail is known as
    a. Spam b. Trash c. Calibri d. Courier
  19. DOS stands for
    a. Disk Operating System b. Disk operating session
    c. Digital Operating System d. Digital Open system
  20. Who is the chief of Microsoft
    a. Babbage b. Bill Gates c. Bill Clinton d. none of these
  21. Which of the following are input devices?
    a. Keyboard b. Mouse c. Card reader d. Any of these
  22. Examples of output devices are
    a. Screen b. Printer c. Speaker d. All of these
  23. Which of the following is also known as brain of computer
    a. Control unit b. Central Processing unit
    c. Arithmetic and language unit d. Monitor
  24. IBM stands for
    a. Internal Business Management b. International Business Management
    c. International Business Machines d. Internal Business Machines
  25. ………… translates and executes program at run time line by line
    a. Compiler b. Interpreter
    c. Linker d. Loader
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  26. is an OOP principle
    a. Structured programming b. Procedural programming
    c. Inheritance d. Linking
  27. COBOL is widely used in application s
    a. Commercial b. Scientific c. Space d. Mathematical
  28. RAM stands for
    a. Random origin money b. Random only memory
    c. Read only memory d. Random access memory
  29. 1 Byte =?
    a. 8 bits b. 4 bits c. 2 bits d. 9 bits
  30. SMPS stands for
    a. Switched mode Power Supply b. Start mode power supply
    c. Store mode power supply d. Single mode power supply
  31. The device used to carry digital data on analogue lines is called as
    a. Modem b. Multiplexer
    c. Modulator d. Demodulator
  32. VDU is also called
    a. Screen b. Monitor c. Both 1 & 2 d. printer
  33. BIOS stands for
    a. Basic Input Output system b. Binary Input output system
    c. Basic Input Off system d. all the above
  34. Father of “C‘ programming language
    a. Dennis Ritchie b. Prof John Keenly
    c. Thomas Kurtz d. Bill Gates
  35. The instructions that tell a computer how to carry out the processing tasks are referred
    to as computer………
    a. programs b. processors c. input devices d. memory modules
  36. An area of a computer that temporarily holds data waiting to be processed is……….
    a. CPU b. Memory c. Storage d. File
  37. ……….. is the key to close a selected drop -down list; cancel a command and close a
    dialog box.
    a. TAB b. SHIFT c. ESC d. F10
  38. ………. is the key we use to run the selected command.
    a. SHIFT b. TAB c. ENTER d. CTRL
  39. …………. Is the functional key to display save-as box.
    a. F5 b. F6 c. F9 d. F12
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  40. Data becomes ……………. when it is presented in a format that people can understand
    and use
    a. processed b. graphs c. information d. presentation
  41. The term …………. designates equipment that might be added to a computer system to
    enhance its functionality.
    a. digital device b. system add-on c. disk pack d. peripheral device
  42. A ………… is a microprocessor -based computing device.
    a. personal computer b. mainframe c. workstation d. server
  43. RAM can be treated as the ……… for the computer’s processor
    a. factory b. operating room c. waiting room d. planning room
  44. Which of the following are the functions of a operating system
    a. Allocates resources b. Monitors Activities
    c. Manages disks and files d. All of the above
  45. To move a copy of file from one computer to another over a communication channel is
    called?
    a. File transfer b. File encryption
    c. File modification d. File copying
  46. The primary function of the ………… is to set up the hardware and load and start an
    operating system
    a. System Programs b. BIOS
    c. CP d. Memory
  47. What kind of memory is both static and non -volatile?
    a. RAM b. ROM c. BIOS d. CACHE
  48. ………. is computer software designed to operate the computer hardware and to provide
    platform for running application software
    a. Application software b. System software
    c. Software d. Operating system
  49. The ……… is the amount of data that a storage device can move from the storage
    medium to the Computer per second
    a. data migration rate b. data digitizing rate
    c. data transfer rate d. data access rate
  50. A device, which is not connected to CPU, is called as …….
    a. land-line device b. On-line device
    c. Off-line device d. Device
  51. What is the other name for programmed chip?
    a. RAM b. ROM c. LSIC d. PROM
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  52. On-line real time systems become popular in ……….. generation
    a. First Generation b. Second Generation
    c. Third Generation d. Fourth Generation
  53. You use a(n) ….., such as a keyboard or mouse, to input information
    a. output device b. input device
    c. storage device d. processing device
  54. …………. is the ability of a device to “jump” directly to the requested data
    a. Sequential access b. Random access
    c. Quick access d. All of the above
  55. …………. provides process and memory management services that allow two or more
    tasks, jobs, or programs to run simultaneously
    a. Multitasking b. Multithreading
    c. Multiprocessing d. Multicomputing
  56. The task of performing operations like arithmetic and logical operations is called……
    a. Processing b. Storing
    c. Editing d. Sorting
  57. ALU and Control Unit jointly known as
    a. RAM b. ROM c. CPU d. PC
  58. RAM is an example of
    a. Secondary memory b. Primary memory
    c. Main memory d. Both (1) and (2)
  59. Magnetic disk is an example of
    a. Secondary memory b. Primary memory
    c. Main memory d. Both (1) and (2)
  60. Which one of the following is NOT a computer language
    a. MS-Excel b. BASIC
    c. COBOL d. C++
  61. RAM is also called as
    a. Read / Write Memory b. Long Memory
    c. Permanent Memory d. Primary Memory
  62. ………… Store data or information temporarily and pass it on as directed by the control
    unit
    a. Address b. Register
    c. Number d. Memory
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  63. Select the Odd one
    a. Operating system b. Interpreter
    c. Compiler d. Assembler
  64. A ………… is an additional set of commands that the computer displays after you make a
    selection from the main menu
    a. dialog box b. submenu
    c. menu selection d. All of the above
  65. COBOL is an acronym for………….
    a. Common Business Oriented Language b. Computer Business Oriented Language
    c. Common Business Operated Language d. Common Business Organized Language
  66. All of the following are examples of real security and privacy risks EXCEPT
    a. hackers b. Spam
    c. Viruses d. identity theft
  67. Which of the following is NOT one of the four major data processing functions of a
    computer?
    a. gathering data b. processing data into information
    c. analyzing the data or information d. storing the data or information
  68. All of the following are examples of storage devices EXCEPT :
    a. hard disk drives b. printers
    c . floppy disk drives d. CD drives
  69. The CPU and memory are located on the :
    a. expansion board b. motherboard
    c. storage device d. output device
  70. …………… is the science that attempts to produce machines that display the same type of
    intelligence that humans do
    a. Nanoscience b. Nanotechnology
    c. Simulation d. Artificial intelligence (Al)
  71. Servers are computers that provide resources to other computers connected to a :
    a. networked b. mainframe
    c. supercomputer d. client
  72. When creating a computer program, the ……… designs the structure of the program
    a. End user b. System Analyst
    c. Programmer d. All of the above
  73. A computer program that converts an entire program into machine language at one time
    is called a/ an
    a. Interpreter b. simulator c. characters d. compiler
  1. Computers process data into information by working exclusively with :
    a. multimedia b. word c. numbers d. characters
  2. The difference between people with access to computers and the Internet and those
    without this access is known as the :
    a. digital divide b. Internet divide c. Web divide d. E-illiteracy
  3. Computers manipulate data in many ways, and this manipulation is called……
    a. upgrading b. processing c. batching d. utilizing
  4. The ability to recover and read deleted or damaged files from a criminal’s computer is
    an example of a law enforcement speciality called:
    a. robotics b. simulation c. computer forensics d. animation
  5. Where does most data go first with in a computer memory hierarchy ?
    a. RAM b. ROM c. BIOS d. CACHE
  6. The………….data mining technique derives rules from real-world case examples.
    a. Rule discover b. Signal processing
    c. Neural nets d. Case-based reasoning
  7. …………….are used to identify a user who returns to a Website
    a. Cookies b. Plug-ins
    c. Scripts d. ASPs
  8. Codes consisting of lines of varying widths or lengths that are computer-readable are
    known as- a. an ASCII code b. a magnetic tape
    c. an OCR scanner d. a bar code
  9. Why is it unethical to share copyrighted files with your friends?
    a. It is not unethical, because it is legal.
    b. It is unethical because the files are being given for free.
    c. Sharing copyrighted files without permission breaks copyright laws.
    d. It is not unethical because the files are being given for free.
  10. Reusable optical storage will typically have the acronym- a. CD b. DVD c. ROM d. RW
  11. The most common type of storage devices are- a. Steel b. optical c. magnetic d. flash
  12. A device that connects to a network without the use of cables is said to be- a. Distributed b. free c. centralized d. none of these
  13. A person who used his or her expertise to gain access to other people’s computers to get
    information illegally or do damage is a- a. Hacker b. spammer c. instant messenger d. programmer
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  14. To access properties of an object, the mouse technique to use is- a. Dragging b. dropping c. right-clicking d. shift-clicking
  15. A DVD is an example of a (n)- a. hard disk b. optical disc
    c. output device d. solid-state storage device
  16. . The process of transferring files from a computer on the Internet to your computer is
    called
    a. Downloading b. uploading
    c. FTP d. JPEG
  17. . ………. is the process of dividing the disk into tracks and sectors.
    a. Tracking b. Formatting
    c. Crashing d. Allotting
  18. . Help Menu is available at which button?
    a. End b. Start
    c. Turnoff d. Restart
  19. The technology that stores only the essential instructions on a microprocessor chip and
    thus enhances its speed is referred to as
    a. CISC b. RISC
    c. CD-ROM d. Wi-Fi
  20. Which is not a basic function of a computer?
    a. Store data b. Accept input
    c. Process data d. Copy text
  21. ASCII is a coding system that provides
    a. 256 different characters b. 512 different characters
    c. 1024 different characters d. 128 different characters
  22. Which part of the computer is directly involved in executing the instructions of the
    computer program?
    a. The scanner b. The main storage
    c. The secondary storage d. The processor
  23. When a computer is switched on, the booting process performs
    a. Integrity Test b. Power-On Self-Test
    c. Correct Functioning Test d. Reliability Test
  24. A computer system that is old and perhaps not satisfactory is referred to as a(n)
    a. Ancient system b. Historical system
    c. Age old system d. Legacy system
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  25. Which of the following is not a binary number?
    a. 001 b. 101 c. 202 d. 110
  26. Which of the following does not store data permanently?
    a. ROM b. RAM c. Floppy Disk d. Hard Disk
  27. Which of the following is the smallest storage?
    a. Megabyte b. Gigabyte c. Terabyte d. None of these
  28. Which of the following contains permanent data and gets updated during the
    processing of transactions?
    a. Operating System File b. Transaction file
    c. Software File d. Master file
  29. Which of the following helps to protect floppy disks from data getting accidentally
    erased?
    a. Access notch b. Write-protect notch
    c. Entry notch d. Input notch
  30. A modem is connected to
    a. a telephone line b. a keyboard
    c. a printer d. a monitor
  31. Large transaction processing systems in automated organisations use
    a. Online processing b. Batch Processing
    c. Once-a-day Processing d. End-of-day processing
  32. In a computer, most processing takes place in
    a. Memory b. RAM
    c. motherboard d. CPU
  33. . Which of the following is not a storage medium?
    a. Hard disk b. Flash drive c. DVD d. scanner
  34. The computer abbreviation KB usually means
    a. Key Block b. Kernel Boot c. Kilo Byte d. Kit Bit
  35. The typical computer criminal is a(n):
    a. Young hacker.
    b. Trusted employee with no criminal record.
    c. Trusted employee with a long, but unknown criminal record.
    d. Overseas young cracker.
  36. The common name for the crime of stealing passwords is:
    a. Jacking. b. Identity theft.
    c. Spoofing. d. Hacking.
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  37. Collecting personal information and effectively posing as another individual is known
    as the crime of:
    a. Spooling. b. Identity theft.
    c. Spoofing. d. Hacking.
  38. Malicious software is known as:
    a. Badware. b. Malware. c. Maliciousware. d. Illegalware.
  39. A program that performs a useful task while simultaneously allowing destructive acts is
    a:
    a. Worm. b. Trojan horse.
    c. Virus. d. Macro virus.
  40. An intentionally disruptive program that spreads from program to program or from disk
    to disk is known as a:
    a. Trojan horse. b. Virus. c. Time bomb. d. Time-related bomb sequence.
  41. In 1999, the Melissa virus was a widely publicised:
    a. E-mail virus. b. Macro virus.
    c. Trojan horse. d. Time bomb.
  42. What type of virus uses computer hosts to reproduce itself?
    a. Time bomb b. Worm
    c. Melissa virus d. Macro virus
  43. The thing that eventually terminates a worm virus is a lack of:
    a. Memory or disk space. b. Time. c. CD drives space. d. CD-RW.
  44. When a logic bomb is activated by a time-related event, it is known as a:
    a. Time-related bomb sequence. b. Virus. c. Time bomb. d. Trojan horse.
  45. A logic bomb that was created to erupt on Michelangelo‘s birthday is an example of a:
    a. Time-related bomb sequence. b. Virus. c. Time bomb. d. Trojan horse.
  46. What is the name of an application program that gathers user information and sends it
    to someone through the Internet?
    a. A virus b. Spybot
    c. Logic bomb d. Security patch
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  47. —— is the measurement of things such as fingerprints and retinal scans used for
    security access.
    a. Biometrics b. Bio measurement
    c. Computer security d. Smart weapon machinery
  48. What is the most common tool used to restrict access to a computer system?
    a. User logins b. Passwords
    b. Computer keys d. Access-control software
  49. Hardware or software designed to guard against unauthorized access to a computer
    network is known as a(n):
    a. Hacker-proof program. b. Firewall. c. Hacker-resistant server. d. Encryption safe wall.
  50. The scrambling of code is known as:
    a. Encryption. b. a firewall.
    c. Scrambling. d. Password proofing.
  51. To prevent the loss of data during power failures, use a(n):
    a. Encryption program. b. Surge protector.
    c. Firewall. d. UPS.
  52. ——Is defined as any crime completed through the use of computer technology.
    a. Computer forensics b. Computer crime
    c. Hacking d. Cracking
  53. —— refers to electronic trespassing or criminal hacking.
    a. Cracking b. Jacking
    c. Spoofing d. Smarming
  54. The first electronic computer was developed by
    a. J.V. Attansoff b. Bill Gates
    c. Simur Cray d. Winton Serf
  55. Snowbol is an/a——— a. Operating system b. HLL
    c. Software d. Search engine
  56. Switching device of fifth generation computer is——– a. Vacuum tubes b. Transistors
    c. IC d. VLSI
  57. ———- computers operates essentially by counting
    a. Portable computer b. Hybrid computer
    c. Analog computer d. Digital computer
    School of Distance Education
    FUNDAMENTALS OF COMPUTERS Question
  58. ———- computer is small general purpose micro computer, but larger than portable
    computer
    a. Hybrid b. Digital c. Desktop d. Laptop
  59. Cathode Ray Tube is a form of…….
    a. Keyboard b. Mouse c. Monitor d. Mother board
  60. Trackball is a………..
    a. Input device b. Output device
    c. Programming language d. Software
  61. …………. computer is a medium sized computer
    a. Micro b. Mainframe c. Super d. Mini
  62. ……….. computer are of large size
    a. Micro b. Mainframe c. Super d. Mini
  63. Note book, laptop,palm,hand-held computers are coming under the category of………
    computer
    a. Digital computer b. Mainframe computer
    c. Portable computer d. Hybrid computer
  64. Light pen and joystick are…………
    a. Algorithm b. Input devices
    c. Output devices d. Portals
  65. Touch Screen is…………
    a. Input device b. Output device
    c. Both a & b above d. None of these
  66. ………….printer is the cheapest in terms of price and operating cost
    a. Inkjet b. Laser
    c. Thermal d. Dot matrix
  67. ………. printer is a non-impact printer and is quite in working
    a. Inkjet b. Laser
    c. Thermal d. Dot matrix
  68. ………. are high-end printers
    a. Inkjet b. Laser
    c. Thermal d. Dot matrix
  69. ……… are used for plotting graphs and design on papers
    a. Trackball b. Joystick
    c. Light pen d. Plotters
  70. Daisy wheel, Drum, chain etc are the …………. a. Flow chart b. Mouse
    School of Distance Education
    FUNDAMENTALS OF COMPUTERS Question
    c. Key board d. Printers
  71. ….are specific to users’ needs
    a. System software b. Application software
    c. Assemblers d. Compilers
  72. Joshy, Perfumes are examples of………….
    a. Operating system b. Computer languages
    c. Computer viruses d. Web portals
  73. Which of the following is/ are operating systems
    a. Windows b. Unix
    c. OS/2 d. All of these
  74. “MAN” stands for
    a. Maximum Area Network b. Minimum Area Network
    c. Main Area Network d. Metropolitan Area Network
  75. Which of the following is a network topology
    a. LAN b. WAN
    c. MAN d. BUS
  76. Which of the following is a type of network
    a. Ring b. Bus c. Star d. PAN
  77. VOIP stands for……….
    a. Voice over IP b. Video over IP
    c. Viruses over IP d. Virtual over IP
  78. The first web browser is
    a. Mosaic b. Netscape
    c. Internet explorer d. Collabra
  79. LAN stands for……………
    a. Limited Area Network b. Logical Area Network
    c. Local Area Network d. Large Area Network
  80. ………. are set of rules and procedures to control the data transmission over the internet
    a. IP address b. Domains
    c. Protocol d. Gateway
  81. NOS stands for
    a. Node operating system b. Non-open software
    c. Network Operating system d. Non-operating software
  82. …………… are system software to facilitate editing of text and data
    a. MS Word b. Editors
    c. PowerPoint d. MS publisher
    School of Distance Education
    Fundamentals of Computers Page 20 FUNDAMENTALS OF COMPUTERS Question
  83. Computers, combine both measuring and counting, are called :
    a. Analog b. Digital c. Hybrid d. All of these
  84. In world today, most of the computers are :
    a. Digital b. Hybrid c. Analog d. Complex
  85. Physical structure of computer is called :
    a. Software b. Hardware c. Human ware d. All of these
  86. In which type of computer, data are represented as discrete signals.
    a. Analog computer b. Digital computer
    c. both d. Hybrid Computer
  87. Which of the following is available in the form of a PC now?
    a. Mainframe b. Microcomputer
    c. Minicomputer d. Both (B) & (C)
  88. PARAM is an example of:
    a. Super computer b. PC
    c. Laptop d. PDA

ANSWER KEY

Q.No Answer
1 a 55 b 109 d 163 c 217 c
2 b 56 c 110 a 164 b 218 c
3 b 57 c 111 b 165 d 219 c
4 a 58 b 112 b 166 d 220 b
5 a 59 a 113 b 167 b 221 c
6 c 60 d 114 c 168 a 222 a
7 a 61 a 115 c 169 b 223 b
8 b 62 b 116 c 170 d 224 b
9 a 63 b 117 c 171 d 225 b
10 b 64 c 118 b 172 c 226 a
11 a 65 c 119 b 173 b
12 b 66 a 120 a 174 c
13 a 67 c 121 a 175 b
14 b 68 d 122 c 176 b
15 b 69 d 123 b 177 b
16 a 70 d 124 a 178 b
17 a 71 c 125 a 179 a
18 a 72 b 126 a 180 b
19 a 73 b 127 b 181 a
20 b 74 a 128 a 182 c
21 a 75 b 129 a 183 c
22 d 76 d 130 a 184 b
23 b 77 c 131 b 185 a
24 a 78 a 132 c 186 b
25 a 79 d 133 b 187 b
26 d 80 b 134 b 188 a
27 a 81 d 135 d 189 d
28 a 82 b 136 b 190 b
29 b 83 a 137 b 191 a
30 c 84 a 138 c 192 a
31 c 85 b 139 c 193 b

32 b 86 d 140 a 194 d
33 a 87 d 141 b 195 d
34 d 88 b 142 c 196 c
35 a 89 c 143 a 197 c
36 b 90 b 144 c 198 a
37 b 91 c 145 a 199 d
38 d 92 a 146 d 200 b
39 a 93 d 147 c 201 c
40 b 94 a 148 d 202 b
41 b 95 a 149 b 203 c
42 c 96 a 150 d 204 d
43 d 97 c 151 a 205 a
44 c 98 a 152 c 206 b
45 b 99 a 153 b 207 d
46 b 100 a 154 a 208 d
47 d 101 b 155 b 209 b
48 b 102 c 156 b 210 c
49 c 103 c 157 b 211 d
50 d 104 d 158 d 212 d
51 b 105 c 159 c 213 d
52 a 106 d 160 d 214 d
53 c 107 a 161 b 215 a
54 a 108 c 162 d 216 a

FUNDAMENTALS OF COMPUTERS Question

FUNDAMENTALS OF COMPUTERS Question

FUNDAMENTALS OF COMPUTERS Question

FUNDAMENTALS OF COMPUTERS Question

FUNDAMENTALS OF COMPUTERS Question

FUNDAMENTALS OF COMPUTERS Question

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